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Guest Patrick_Waugh

Eliminate the need for "friends" when overloading operartor+

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Implement binary operator overlaods in terms of the class's unary operators.For example, operator+ for both precision_timer and double types can be implemented in terms of operator+= and using the return value optimization, thus:

class PTimer{    ...    PTimer& operator+=( const PTimer& right_arg );    ...};const PTimer operator+( const PTimer& left_arg, const PTimer& right_arg ){    // Create an un-named temporary making it eligible    // for return value optimisation by the compiler.    return PTimer(left_arg) += right_arg;}const PTimer operator+( const PTimer& left_arg, const double right_arg ){    // Construct with the passed double    return PTimer( left_arg ) += PTimer( right_arg ); }Such an approach avoids the need for standalone binary operators to lever open the class encapsulation with the, so-called, 'friend' keyword. Further, it means that only the unary assignment operators need to be maintained.

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