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James Bennett

3 degree glideslope

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What is the 3 degrees referenced from? Is it 3 degrees from the ground (horizontal)? I was doing some calcs before and this would mean that at a distance of 4nm from the threshold you'd be expected to be at 810ft which is roughly half that of what most ILS charts i have seen require for that distance (4nm is 24,300ft, 3 degrees in a ratio of 30 horizontal units to 1 vertical unit, 24,300/30 = 810ft).


Anyone shed any light?

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The glide slope signal is arranged to define a glide path of approximately 3°.  Some are noted as slightly more or less than 3.

An easy ref to staying on the GS is to half your ground-speed (approx IAS).

IF 120 kts then approx rate of descent should be 600fpm.


KingG is correct.


The average dist for the OM form the ILS antenna is 5nm, and the antenna is usually about 1000' down the landing rwy.



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Hi James,


your calculation is for percentage not degrees. With this calculation you have to use 5% slope : 5 ft in altitude for 100 ft in distance. That the same as 3 degres angle.


See here for so details.





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