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About martin-w

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  1. I recall that the issue with the ISS is that all the important stuff is in the core module. Life support etc. So they can replace aging modules but not the important core module. Something like that.
  2. Anton's videos are usually pretty good. I'll watch that tonight.
  3. Ive no idea to be honest. So many variables. Given that the private sector is involved now, with companies like SpaceX, Blue Origin, Orbital, Sierra Nevada and numerous others, the time frame is accelerated. Doesn't just rely on political will anymore. Might be sooner than we think.
  4. You cant beat Japanese cars for reliability. Or can you...
  5. Becoming a multiplanetary species is space exploration. We cant do it without space exploration. If we are occupying other worlds we are also exploring those worlds. Of course its not. But a fully autonomous civilisation is possible. It is and should be the ultimate aim. Its also feasible. In terms of WHY its a good idea to go there, because in time we can develop a self sustaining civilisation there. Nobody is saying it will happen next week. Its the ultimate aim. Nobody is doing that. Its an aim for the future. Irrelevant. Again, we aren't talking about a fully autonomous civilisation on mars next week, or next year, or in 12 months, or in 12 years. It mat be decades before that's manifest. It's the long term goal. By that time we will have the manufacturing capability to make your silicon chips and anything else we require. Again... the resources are there, we have the knowledge base, we have the personal, the scientists, the engineers. All we need is energy.
  6. That takes political will. Whether it's cooperation on this planet or any other. Now the thing about Mars is that it's a planet, and planets are big, 144.8 million square kilometres surface area to be precise. If we take China for example, when they eventually get there, if they do, currently they are decades behind, they can chose to locate themselves thousands of kilometres away if they so wish, away from the Westerners. I wonder if they won't though. I wonder if the Russians won't either. Or any other nation. (I may be wrong) I wonder if they won't because the Martian environment is harsh, and initially all the nations will be doing something difficult, something dangerous, something that could generate an emergency situation. Thus, it make sense to locate yourself near to others doing the same in case you need assistance.
  7. Wrong! The evidence is all around you. Its happening now! In 2018 it was reported that the US alone spent $154 billion on climate change related activates. Globality that figure is even higher. Thousands of climatologist and those in other fields are working on this as we speak. NASA has used the expertise we have developed in the field of spaceflight to launce numerous Earth Observation satellites to study climate change. There have been numerous climate summits to plan a way forward. There is a huge investment in renewable energy exceeding $500 billion! Non of that is related, or negated, by Elon going to Mars! Is it enough? No, its not! But the point... is that it relates in no way to Elon Musk or NASA putting a man on Mars or the Moon. None of those activates HAVE or WILL impact our ability to combat climate change or any other environmental issue we face. Not once has anything Elon Musk done or will do prevented us from addressing environmental issues. In fact the opposite applies, in that his companies are creating products that combat climate change. One does not negate the other! We can and ARE doing both as we speak. The issue is political will, not what Elon or NASA are doing. We can and are doing both because they are not related and not mutually exclusive. Same applies to getting on with China or Russia... going to Mars or the Moon has nothing to do with our efforts to get on with other nations on this planet. Its not about where we are located. It doesn't matter if we visit the Moon or Mars or anywhere. In fact it could be argued that the opposite is true... the joint Apollo Soyuz mission was the first joint mission between the two nations. It was in July 1975. The purpose of this joint mission was "détente" between the two cold war adversaries. Tensions were very high between the two cold was adversaries. The Apollo Soyuz project was a great success and paved the way for later missions where space shuttles visited the Russian Space Station, Cosmonauts flying on US Space Shuttles and US astronauts staying for months on the Russian MIR Space Station. Culminating of course in the Russians jointly being involved in the creation of the ISS and ferrying US astronauts to the ISS until quite recently. Space brought us together! Climate change mentioned above because it was necessary to address the argument made but it is not an excuse for someone else to arrive and argue about whether its happening or not!
  8. This will be my last comment. I'm bored with repeating the same things. WE CAN DO BOTH! We can fix environmental problems and work on improving our relations with other nations AT THE SAME TIME as space exploration. Its not one or the other. We don't have to live in a stasis field and freeze all activities untill we live in a utopia. If anything, the way NASA and the US have had to cooperate with access to the ISS and joint missions has helped us to get on with each other.
  9. No, like early man doing what human beings have always done, explore, travel, wander, find new lands. You wouldn't exist and none of your loved ones would if early humans hadn't moved out of the African Plain.
  10. I'm not going to list all of them but we know there are many minerals on the Moon. Silicon, Rare Earth's, all though not abundant. Titanium, abundant. Aluminium, abundant. Precious metals. Helium 3, not abundant but far more so then on Earth.
  11. And each species has a different path to follow, some are extinct in a few thousand years and other like the dinosaurs lasted 65 million years before becoming extinct. Human brings have been around for as mere 200,000 years. So we certainly aren't being greedy when we chose to step out of the way of a big rock heading toward the planet. Nor me. Its not about being left behind to face extinction, extinction might not come for hundreds or thousands of years. Its not like a big rock is on the way so, quick as a flash, in a matter of weeks we travel to Mars and instantly make a Mars colony for the elite and leave the ordinary people behind. By the time our entire species is threatened there could be colonies all over the solar system, especially if we buck our idea up and get on with it. Its absolutely no different to early man traveling across the globe and inhabiting new continents and islands on the Earth... its just further.
  12. Itys not "who" its what. Its our species. Planet killing, species killing, events don't happen every day. By the time such a thing is manifest we would hope the Mars Colony would be significant, and populated by all the people you mention. And when such a dreadful event occurred, it would be no different to what happens now on Erath, in that other nations would take as many refugees as possible. And by then, we would hope there are colonies on Mars and many other places in the solar system. Remember, its multiplanetary not biplanetary. Nobody is being left behind for extinction. The point is that the Mars colony could also face an extinction level event too but Earth would remain. Or the colonies on the moons of other planets in the solar system could face extinction but Mars and the Earth would remain. Its about having as many colonies in the solar system as possible.
  13. Not sure. Might be just the two flights then on to SN16. Guess it depends what they can learn and achieve with 15.
  14. Well yes, ultimately, but we'd be as thick as too short planks if we didn't do our best to avoid it and last as long as possible. With your attitude, if we saw a car coming, we'd just stand there and let it hit us... because everyone dies one day.
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