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Found 31 results

  1. Our desktop flight simulators, for all their shortcomings, are quite good platforms for picking up and practicing the basics of instrument flight and navigation. In this short series of articles we will look at the basics of the instrument scan, flying basic manoeuvres on instruments, radio navigation procedures, instrument departures and approaches, and en-route IFR operations. The Instrument Panel The full panel is made up of the 'basic six' flight instruments. These in turn can be divided in to two categories -- the pressure-operated instruments, connected to the aircraft's pitot-static system, and the gyroscopic instruments -- which take their information, as the name suggests, from spinning gyroscopes. The 'full panel' is said to consist of the 'basic six' flight instruments, illustrated above. In modern Western aircraft these are typically laid out in the so-called 'basic T' layout highlighted above. The airspeed indicator (ASI), altimeter and vertical speed indicator (VSI) are the pressure-operated instruments and provide information about airspeed, height and rate of climb or descent. The remaining gyroscopic instruments -- the artificial horizon (or attitude indicator), turn indicator and heading indicator -- provide information about aircraft attitude, rate of turn and aircraft heading. Although modern airliners are equipped with a great deal of sophisticated electronic equipment, the basic six flight instruments and the proper techniques for their use have changed remarkably little since the first 'blind flying' experiments in the 1920s. As an instrument pilot you must learn to trust above all else what you see on the instruments, and become proficient in flying on both the full panel and the limited (or partial) panel. The B747-400 Primary Flight Display retains fundamentally the same 'Basic T' layout as a traditional analogue instrument panel. Photo credit: Markus Vitzethum For a given aeroplane weight and configuration, a particular attitude combined with a particular power setting will always result in a similar flightpath, be that level, climbing, descending or turning. Any change of power and/or attitude results in a change of flightpath and/or airspeed. For this reason, the attitude indicator (AI) and the engine power gauges (RPM, manifold pressure, N1 etc) are known as the control instruments. The remaining instruments are the performance instruments, as they show how the aeroplane is performing as a result of the selected power and attitude. Scanning The first step to becoming a proficient instrument pilot is to develop a good instrument scan. A pilot with a good scan is always looking at meaningful information: simply attempting to scan all the instruments all the time does not achieve this objective! Because power + attitude = performance, the attitude indicator is arguably the most important instrument we have available to us. As long as we have the correct power set on the engine gauges, and are holding the correct attitude on the AI, the performance of the aeroplane will be very close to what we want. Once set it is unusual for the power to change very much, and therefore only occasional glances at the engine gauges are required for confirmation. The attitude, however, will change dynamically and for this reason the instrument scan always starts and ends with the attitude indicator. The most common type of scan is known as the selective radial scan. Why? It is selective because only the instruments most important for the manoeuvre are selected and prioritised. It is radial because the scan is centred on the attitude indicator and moves radially out to another instrument, before moving back to the attitude indicator In straight and level flight, for instance, the most important instruments are: The AI (which indicates that the wings are level and the correct pitch attitude for straight and level is set) The altimeter (which confirms that the height is constant) The heading indicator (which confirms that heading is constant -- further, if the wings are also level it follows that the aircraft must also be substantially in balance) A simple scan for straight and level flight, therefore, could be AI - altimeter - AI - heading indicator - AI, and so on. Of course, it is prudent to also periodically scan the other instruments, but only perhaps every fifth or tenth cycle, for instance. A typical scan for straight and level flight. Note the emphasis placed on the AI, altimeter and heading indicator. What about a level turn? Again, the AI remains of prime importance to set the bank and pitch attitude, and the altimeter remains important to ensure height is being maintained. The turn and slip indicator is also important in order to maintain balance and rate of turn. However, if we are changing heading significantly, it is probably not necessary to scan the heading indicator at a high rate initially. For instance, in a standard rate turn of 3° per second, a 180° turn will take one minute: so initially we might only scan the heading indicator occasionally. However, as the target heading is approached we would want to scan the heading indicator increasingly frequently in order to ensure we roll out accurately. Remember, the proficient instrument pilot is always looking at relevant information. Typical scan for maintaining a level turn at constant bank angle. Note that the heading indicator will also need to be scanned increasingly frequently as the target heading is approached. Other useful scans include the vertical scan - used, for example, when referencing an enroute chart or other document - or the more relaxed circular scan, which may be used to monitor the aircraft’s performance in cruising flight, perhaps with the autopilot engaged. The vertical scan (left) and circular scan (right) may be used enroute when navigating, or in the case of the circular scan, to monitor the aircraft's performance when the autopilot is engaged Another type of scan is the inverted V scan. This scan - covering the AI, turn and slip indicator and VSI - may be used if an instrument failure is suspected, as the three instruments scanned are typically driven by independent systems. In many aircraft the AI gyro is vacuum-driven, whilst the gyro for the turn indicator is electrically driven. The VSI, meanwhile, uses the static system. As a result, a failure of any one of these systems would result in two out of the three instruments agreeing whilst the instrument driven by the failed system would show a discrepancy. The 'inverted V scan' is useful for determining if an instrument has failed Scanning Mistakes Apart from trying to look at too much at once, perhaps the most common error in scanning is fixation. For instance, the pilot may stare at the heading indicator, wondering how the heading has drifted ten degrees away from the target, missing that the aircraft has entered a climb. It is important to keep your eyes moving and keep seeking relevant information for the manoeuvre you are flying. Building an effective instrument scan is rather like reading a book, or this article -- rather than reading each individual letter, you are instead scanning and interpreting the words and sentences as a whole. In the same way the proficient instrument pilot will read the panel as a whole, rather than each individual instrument in isolation. In the next article in this series, we’ll look at putting the instrument scan in to practice with some basic flight manoeuvres and techniques.
  2. Name: Twentynine Palms traffic pattern in L-39 Category: FS Aircraft Date Added: 09 July 2015 - 01:10 AM Submitter: Calypte Short Description: Twentynine Palms right hand traffic pattern flown in Aero L-39 Albatros Twentynine Palms right hand traffic pattern flown in Aero L-39 Albatros. Great scenery by 29Palms.de Aircraft by Lotus Sim Movie by CalypteAviation. Twentynine Palms Airport (KTNP) View Video
  3. Name: SYSK - SIDs and STARs Example Category: FS Instructional Videos Date Added: 07 October 2014 - 02:28 PM Submitter: scandinavian13 Short Description: None Provided Looking at the concepts in the previous video while in the sim. View Video
  4. Richard McDonald Woods

    Tutorial: Flight from Sydney to Vancouver

    I am pleased to announce a rather different approach to flight simulation videos. A 6-part B777-300ER tutorial demonstrating a long-haul flight across the Pacific from YSSY to CYVR using the PMDG simulator. The tutorial is intended to educate, entertain and to provoke informed discussions on this forum by covering flight planning, flight preparation, departure, en route and arrival procedures. It includes planning for and execution of ETOPS and re-dispatch procedures. I decided to make the captain the centre of all views. So, no views that a real-world captain cannot see. The tutorial element is supported by voice interactions with both the crew and air traffic control and extensive helpful texts. You can also view the flight plan. A full list of hardware and software used in the making of the tutorial is included at the end. Please contribute your comments as posts to this forum.
  5. Dave-Pilot2ATC

    Test Flight Tutorials

    Hi Everyone. I just uploaded the first installment on what I plan to be a series of tutorials that should provide a quick and easy way to get up to speed with Pilot2ATC. We'll be adding to these over time, with lots of screenshots and some tips and tricks of P2A along the way! Many of you have struggled with getting in the air the first time, so this first installment will get you from Clearance Delivery through first contact with Oakland Center in a short IFR flight from San Jose, California to Oakland, California. Probably not a good one for airliners, but grab a good GA plane and take the plunge! You can find it on the Downloads page www.pilot2atc.com/download Just press the View Test Flights button to download the PDF. Enjoy Dave
  6. Name: PMDG Jetstream 4100 - Tutorial 1 Category: FS Instructional Videos Date Added: 07 October 2014 - 02:39 PM Submitter: scandinavian13 Short Description: None Provided Video following along with the Tutorial 1 that came with the PMDG Jetstream 4100. View Video
  7. Name: The Maderia Approach with PMDG 737 NGX Category: FS Instructional Videos Date Added: 27 May 2014 - 03:11 PM Submitter: Martinair50 Short Description: Doing one of the most dangerous approaches in the world on FSX. One of the most dangerous approaches in the world. This is exactly how the Visual 5 VOR to LPMA procedure should be executed. Please watch in HD! The video starts off with me approaching the Missed Approach Point (MAPt), you can see this point on the navigation display as MA05. From this point on I should have the runway in sight and the VOR part of the approach pretty much ends and I am fully visual. At around 6 DME from FUN at around 900 feet I should switch off the autopilot and start my base turn towards the runway, to cross the waypoint GELO at 850 feet. From then on I follow the approach lightning that brings me right in front of runway 05 of Funchal Airport. Thank you for watching please, subscribe rate and comment! Addons: PMDG 737 NGX ActiveSky Next REX Essential Plus Real Environment Xtreme Aerosoft Madeira X scenery EzDok Saitek X52 View Video
  8. Tutorial: Working with alpha channel in Photoshop Hello everyone. So, after I saw some people asking about how to work with alpha channel in Photoshop, I decided to make a simple tutorial for it. Tutorial was created in CS5, but this should work in any other version as well. We're going to use Photoshop ONLY. No DXTBmp! That program is only good for working with extended bitmaps, since Photoshop can't save that. But for DDS textures, you can use nVidia Photoshop DDS plugin and there's absolutely nothing Photoshop cannot do. So here we go. Step one: Assuming you already have some layer ready for alpha channel, we switch to CHANNELS tab. In case you for some reason don't have that tab in there, you can activate it in "Windows" drop-down list. We named our layer we want in alpha channel "Alpha layer" Step two: Now switch to the alpha channel itself or create it, if there's not one already. Step three: Go to Image -> Apply Image... Step four: Now the importnant part. Set everything just like you see it on screenshot below. Layer: There should be your layer you prepared before to be used in alpha channel. In our case, it's called "Alpha layer" Channel: RGB, because that's where the layer currently is. Blending: Normal, so you can actually see the alpha after. Do not press invert unless you actually need to invert your alpha for some reason. ALL DONE! Alpha is now there, no need to use any other witchcraft. Reverse process: Extracting alpha into RGB channel In case you want to edit your already existing alpha channel and want it in RGB channel, it's very easy. Just create a new layer and use "Apply Image..." menu again. But now you select your source channel as "Alpha 1". Layer now doesn't matter, since that channel has only one and Blending should be again set to Normal. I hope you learned something today and if you have any questions or ran into any issues, feel free to ask, I'll be more than happy to help you!
  9. Name: PMDG 737NGX - Supplementary Tutorial V2 Category: FS Instructional Videos Date Added: 07 October 2014 - 02:34 PM Submitter: scandinavian13 Short Description: None Provided Version 2 of the earlier video: A supplementary tutorial for the PMDG 737NGX. Includes expected ATC instructions, an in-depth look at the SIDs and STARs that will be used on the route, tips and tricks to make your flights more accurate, and a little bit of non-normal procedures. View Video
  10. Name: PMDG Jetstream 4100 - Tutorial 2 with FS2Crew Category: FS Instructional Videos Date Added: 07 October 2014 - 02:40 PM Submitter: scandinavian13 Short Description: None Provided Video showing a flight between Washington Dulles (KIAD) and Charlottesville (KCHO) in the PMDG Jetstream 4100 with FS2Crew and VATSIM. View Video
  11. Name: SYSK - ETOPS (plus PFPX - Tutorial 3) Category: FS Instructional Videos Date Added: 07 October 2014 - 02:24 PM Submitter: scandinavian13 Short Description: None Provided Stuff You Should Know: What ETOPS is all about PFPX - Tutorial 3: A tutorial on setting up ETOPS routing in PFPX View Video
  12. Fadamor

    Tutorial 1 Questions

    A couple of questions I'm having regarding tutorial 1. First, when entering the route our next leg after CLACTON begins at UL620. I could not find UL620 on any of the charts provided at the end of the tutorial (it looks like it's somewhere between the right edge of the CLACTON SID and the left edge of the SCHIPHOL Standard Instrument Arrival Chart). Would UL620 normally be displayed on a different chart - like an enroute chart? I'm one of these people who say "Where the heck did they pull THAT waypoint from?" :-) Second, I seem to be consistantly dropping out of LNAV while descending to SUGOL. From initial setup all the way there, the FMC is alerting me that 250kts is unattainable at SUGOL, even though I'm going in and editing the waypoint to read "250B" as instructed. In order to reach 250 by SUGOL, I've been deploying speedbrakes when I reach TOD and the auto-throttles retard to help slow the downhill portion of the flight before SUGOL. That's the only configuration change I make on this segment of the flight. Can anyone tell me what I'm doing wrong?
  13. Hello flightsimmers, To those of you who would like to use their beloved Level-D 767 in Prepar3D v3.2 with the ability to access and modify the Level-D menus, I have created a video tutorial for you. Here is the link: I hope it will be helpful to you. Have fun watching!
  14. Hi - 1.Has anyone done a tutorial on flying the TBM850? There is one on youtube - looks good but it is in German. 2. Is there a manual - that is a guide to flying the TBM850 ie how to open the doors, start up, shut down ect - I don't see one in the docs - the normal procedures is basically your usual check list as I see it. 3. Bert was advising someone on the keys for opening the doors - Bert - how did you come by that information? 4. Carenado have advised me that the docs are the ones in the Carenado folder - am I missing something here? Thanks for any help/advice. Shaun
  15. Name: PFPX - Tutorial 2 Category: FS Instructional Videos Date Added: 07 October 2014 - 02:20 PM Submitter: scandinavian13 Short Description: None Provided A tutorial on PFPX showing the basics of adjusting fueling or routing to accommodate anticipated constraints. If you haven't seen Understanding Delay Information, have a look at that video first to see where to find various delay information, and how to understand it. View Video
  16. Name: SYSK - Understanding Approaches Example Category: FS Instructional Videos Date Added: 07 October 2014 - 02:37 PM Submitter: scandinavian13 Short Description: None Provided Stuff You Should Know: Approaches have more similarities than differences. This video explains why you should look at an approach as an approach, and not a specific type of approach. View Video
  17. Hello! I need help on how to start MCE in fsx.... I dont know how, and I have read the guide, and it doesnt help me... someone please help! I really want to use this product! (Btw, I have the aerosoft airbus X extended, if that could help with anything) Thanks
  18. So, when loading one of the presaved tutorial flights i.e 'Before Takeoff' or 'Before Top of Decent', for the EHAM-LOWI tutorial, the FMC does not allow any editing. I can copy entries into the scratchpad, I can see all the different pages on the FMC, I just can't actually edit anything. Any ideas?
  19. Name: PFPX - Tutorial 1 Category: FS Instructional Videos Date Added: 07 October 2014 - 02:17 PM Submitter: scandinavian13 Short Description: None Provided A tutorial on PFPX showing the basics of adding an aircraft and planning a route. View Video
  20. Hi people, I am a RW 320 pilot looking to set up FS labs A320. To that end, I have recently bought a copy of P3D V4 and I'm having a lot of trouble setting up my Saitek Pro thrust quadrant, MadCatz joystick and Saitek rudder pedals. I am looking for an idiots guide to FSUIPC5. Although there is indeed already a lot of information from Pete Dowson and others about this software it all assumes a certain amount of knowledge that I simply don't have. I have tried to register on Pete's support Forum so that I can ask this question but I never received the registration email despite the site saying that it's been sent (yes I've checked my junk mail folder) The video's that assist to some extent don't seem to be quite the same as what I'm looking at. I would appreciate your help.
  21. A brief FMC setup tutorial for the queen
  22. <iframe width="560" height="315" src="//www.youtube.com/embed/7coNj4lF_to" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> Attempting to post a link to a new video I recently uploaded to YouTube featuring the Carenado Phenom 100. I hope this information is useful to the community.
  23. Dark_Oblivion

    A2A Comanche Full Review

    I've spent the last week writing and recording this review, I hope you find it informative and helpful should you wish to purchase this plane
  24. Hello, I feel that a Video or a thorough walkthrough with images is required for Cold and Dark startup and all NORMAL procedures required for a full flight. How to manage aircraft during the flight. There is a checklist but without accompanying images its clear as mud also, for example, in the DESCENT checklist there is no mention of setting Manifold Pressure to 26 as it is done with Assistant Engineer. Many thanks
  25. rhazel_80027

    PMDG 777-200LR/F! tutorial #1

    PMDG Tutorial #1.5 for the 777 references Tutorial #1. Is this tutorial available as a pdf file? Robert